Largest Lakes in India | Freshwater | Saltwater | Artificial

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Largest Lakes in India: Lakes represent short-term dynamic balance and long-term evolution. There is a countless number of lakes around the world.

India consists of hundreds of lakes. Many of the lakes occur naturally, but some are man-made. Among the lakes are also freshwater lakes, salty lakes, and brackish lakes. They vary in depth, length, and volume, and are found all over the globe.

Lakes are larger and deeper when compared to the bodies of water we refer to as ponds, and many of them are fed and drained by streams and rivers.

It’s estimated that there is around 2 million or a number of lakes across the globe. With so many lakes, it’s nearly impossible to decide which lakes are the largest.

India is well endowed with natural lakes containing plentiful supplies of water. Both rainfall and runoffs can highly vary from place to place across the country and many rivers have dams containing large reservoirs constructed on them to meet water and power supply needs.

Lake is an erratically closing and opening lagoon. It is exposed to the sea irregularly. Most of the lake beds are floating above mean sea level.

Here are the top largest lakes in India to add to your bucket list of places to visit in the future. Pack your swimsuit, wet suit or dry suit and take a dip or a boat ride around one of these massive lakes. India has a range of lakes that are equally beautiful and offer a fun-filled alternative to the beach break.

In search of breathtaking, picture-perfect lakes…

Wular Lake

 

Location: Jammu and Kashmir, India 

Inflow Source: Jhelum River

Type: Freshwater

It is one of the largest freshwater lakes in Asia, and the largest in India, covering a surface area of 30 to 960 sq. km. The lake is around 16 km in length and 9.6 km wide with a depth of 14 m. This lake, surrounded by huge beautiful mountains and luscious green forests, consists of green water and is a rich habitat for fish, birds, and wildlife.

Loktak Lake

Location: Manipur 

Inflow Source: Manipur river 

Type: Freshwater

It is the largest freshwater lake in northeastern India covering a surface area of 287 sq. km The lake is around 95 km in length, 13 km wide and  4.6 m in depth. It is often termed as a floating lake and has been a great source of economy. It serves as a source of water for hydropower generation, irrigation, drinking water supply, and wildlife.

Damdama Lake

Location: Sohna, Haryana

Inflow Source: N/A

Type: Freshwater

It is one of the biggest natural freshwater Lake in India with an incredibly huge area of 12.14 sq. km. It is also home for birds; more than 190 species of birds, migratory, as well as local, visit here throughout the year.

Dal Lake

Location: Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir

Inflow Source: Channel Telbal Nallah from Marsar Lale

Type: Freshwater

It is one of the most beautiful and mesmerizing freshwater Lake in Kashmir and is surrounded by surreal natural beauty, landscape, snow-covered mountains and water bodies. It covers an area of 18-22 sq. km approximately. The lake is 7.44 km in length, 3.5 km wide and a 6 m in depth. The lake is also equipped with lotus, lilies which add beauty to this lake that is also a bird’s paradise.

Gurudongmar Lake

Location: North Sikkim, India

Inflow Source: N/A

Type: Freshwater

One of the highest freshwater lake in Sikkim and amongst the 15 uppermost in the world this lake located at an altitude of around 17,000 ft. It covers a huge surface area of 1.17 sq. km. It is a lake that is considered sacred/holy by both the Buddhists and the Sikhs.

Chilika Lake

Location: Orissa, India

Inflow Source: Bhargavi, Daya, Makra, Malguni, and Luna rivers

Type: Brackish

It is one of the largest freshwater lake (brackish) in India, covering an area of 1,100 sq. km, in Asia. The pear-shaped lagoon is considered as Asia’s largest saltwater lagoon. The lake is 64.3 km long and 4.2 m deep. It is a paradise for the migratory birds. The primary inflow for the Chilka Lake comes from 52 streams including the Bhargavi, Daya, Makra, Malaguti and Luna rivers, and the primary outflow is the old mouth at Arakhakuda, new mouth at Satapada to the Bay of Bengal.

Vembanad Lake

Location: Kerala

Inflow Source: Achenkovil, Manimala, Meenachil, Muvattupuzha, Pamba, and Periyar.

Type: Brackish

Vembanad is the longest lake in India. It is the largest brackish lagoon in India that covers an area of about 2033 sq. km. The lake is 96.5 km in length, 14 km wide and 12 m in depth. The Lake also hosts one of the longest railway bridges made in India, named as Vembanad Rail Bridge.

Bhimtal Lake

Location: Bhimtal, Uttrakhand

Inflow Source: N/A

Type: Freshwater

The freshwater lake is named after second Pandava i.e Bhima from the legendary tale of Mahabaratha. Surrounded by the beautiful Kumaon hills this lake is considered one of the largest that covers a surface area of around 118 acres. The beauty of this lake is enhanced by a small island surrounded by clear crystal blue water. The lake provides pure drinking water supply and supports aquaculture with the variety of fish species living in and around this lake.

Upper Lake

Location: Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal

Inflow Source: Kolans River

Type: Artificial

It is the largest artificial freshwater lake in Asia, formerly known as Bhojtal, that covers a large surface area of around 31 sq. km. The lake is 31.5 km long and 5 km wide. It is a major source of drinking water for the residents of the city as it serves around 40% of the residents.

Pichola Lake

Largest Lakes in India
 Largest Lakes in India

 

Location: Udaipur, Rajasthan

Inflow Source: N/A

Type: Artificial

 

An artificial freshwater lake, it was created in the year 1362 AD. The lakes around Udaipur were primarily created by building dams to meet the requirements of the drinking water and irrigation of the city and its neighbourhood. It covers a surface area of 6.96 sq. km. The Lake is 4 km in

length, 3 km wide and approximately  8.5 m in depth.

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