Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana: The government of India engages in ensuring significant primacy towards conserving water and administering it. During an important meeting on the 1st of July, 2015, our honourable Prime Minister was the chair of The Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs (CCEA), he gave authorization for initiating the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY). PMKSY is a national mission which aims at boosting farm productivity and assuring proper allocation of the resources in our country.
The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana incorporates three central ministries:
- Ministry of Water Resources
- Ministry of Rural Development
- Ministry of Agriculture
It also practices persistent schemes comprising of the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP), an On-Farm Water Management (OFWM) policy, the River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).
Fortune invested within the PMKSY scheme
For five consecutive years (2015-2016 to 2019-2020), our government allocated upkeep of ₹50000 crore for the execution of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana program throughout the nation, for five consecutive years (2105-2016 to 2019-2020). In the fiscal year 2015-2016, the government drew a provision of ₹5300 crore. Out of this:
- ₹1800 crore endorsed in the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation
- ₹1500 crore for the Department of land resources
- ₹2000 crore assigned to the Ministry of Water Resources
Vision & Objectives
PMKSY has been initiated solely with the vision of expanding the scope of irrigation ’Har Khet ko Pani’ & promoting water usage efficiency through ’More crop per drop’. These are directed in completely focused means with an end-to-end remedy on source innovation, distribution, supervision, field application and expansion movements. The horde of primary objectives are summarized below:
- Acquire a blend of investments for irrigation at the field tier. This includes readying district level and, if needed, sub-district level water usage agendas.
- Expand the physical passage of water in farms and broaden cultivable regions under ensured irrigation (Har Khet ko Pani).
- Integration of water citations, allotment and its productive usage, mainly developing the best use of water through applicable technologies and procedures.
- Efficiently utilize the on-farm water for less wastage and larger availability.
- Magnify the utilization of productive irrigation and water technology.
- Facilitate expansion movements concerning the harvesting of water, water supervision and produce alignment for the farmers and agriculturists.
Strategy & Focus Areas
In order to successfully achieve the above-mentioned objectives, the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana scheme has carefully tailored goal-oriented strategies whose central focus is directed towards water sources, creative farm tier applications, dispersion networks and evolution of services on the latest technology. PMKSY broadly focuses on:-
- The innovation of modern water sources. Their strategy revolves around repairing, restoring and renovating perished sources including ground development that’ll uplift aptitudes of formal water bodies at villages.
- Augmenting distribution systems where both, ensured and secure irrigation sources are created.
- Facilitating society irrigation with the assistance of registered farmer groups and NGOs.
- Stimulating fertile water transportation and fielding applications like underground piping network, sprinklers & drips, pivots, rain-guns and many more.
The aforesaid strategies only outline the vast concept of PMKSY. The scheme employs various combinations of interventions according to the location and personalised area requirements.
PMKSY comprises of the following programme components :
1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme(AIBP)
The programme initiates to concentrate on instant completion of current major & medium Irrigation alongside National Projects.
2. PMKSY (Har Khet ko Pani)
- This involves creating modern water origins through minor irrigation activities, both on the surface and underground water.
- Manage region developments by bolstering and creating a distribution system from the origin to the farm.
- The development of groundwater in areas with lots of water forms a sink which preserves running water during heavy monsoons.
- Diverting water from places where it’s in abundance to convenient water-scarce locations, this involves lifting irrigation from rivers at a depressed elevation to complement the needs beyond MGNREGS & IWMP.
- Establishing and reviving former water preserving systems like the Jal Mandir that’s located in Gujarat.
3. PMKSY (Per Drop More Crop)
- Per Drop More Crop includes managing programmes, assembling the Irrigation plan for States and Districts and authorizing the annual action plan.
- Stimulating productive water carriers and precise water application.
- Capping the input cost under civil formation and beyond the acceptable margin (40%).
- For increasing the strength of the source activities, micro-irrigation layouts are present. These include dug wells and tube wells which lack support of AIBP, Har Khet ko Pani, Watershed and MGNREGS according to the district irrigation plan.
- Water hoisting equipment like diesel and solar pump sets along with water carriage ducts and a below-ground piping network.
- Expanding activities for publicity of scientific moisture preservation and agronomic norms like cropping alignment to boost the usage of accessible water, including rainfall, and reducing irrigation necessities.
- Employing awareness campaigns based on low-cost editions and utilising low-priced pico projectors for motivating conceivable usage of water sources through technical supervision methods.
4. PMKSY (Watershed Development)
- The practical administration of runoff water & enriched soil preservation exercises like treating the ridge area and drain lines. Rainwater harvesting is a major aspect of this programme as well.
- Blending with MGNREGS for providing a water source that’ll reach its full potential indefinite backward districts. This is provided alongside the renovation of conventional water bodies.
- The technological necessities and pattern of assistance needed by the respective PMKSY aspects operate by the Ministries and Departments guidelines. This is applicable only with the permission of the concerned union minister.
- In case of a shortage within the comparable Central Plan Schemes, measures and circumstances will be assigned by the State Government.
- In situations where the Central/State Government doesn’t give criteria, the State Level Project Screening Committee will provide a certificate.
- States should adhere to the government with endorsed rates. For example, the rates of CPWD, PWD and identical government mechanisms are operating in rural regions, they’re creating irrigation and infrastructures.
Cost Criteria & Pattern of Assistance
Technological necessities and a pattern of assistance are needed by the respective PMKSY programme components. These include AIBP, PMKSY Per drop more crop, PMKSY Har Khet Ko Pani and the PMKSY Watershed Development. They’re required to work by the Ministries and Departments rules, with the access of the union minister in charge.
In the shortage of comparable Central Plan Schemes, measures and circumstances stipulated by respective State Governments may be assigned.
In situations where the Central/State government criteria are not given, the State Level Project Screening Committee (SLPSC) gives a certificate. This certificate incorporates the project’s reasonable costs and reasons.