Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana- Introduction and key elements

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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is acknowledged as the of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship’s forerunner scheme. The scheme’s central objective aims at enabling several citizens to employ industry-suitable skill trainings that’ll assist them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals possessing prior learning expertise will be separately evaluated and under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), the training and evaluation fees are entirely compensated by the Government under this scheme. During June 2015, the average award for each individual amounted to ₹8,000 when the scheme was implemented in the chosen states (primarily Bihar).

PMKVY was officially launched on the 15th of July within every state, this is acknowledged as the National Skills Day in India. The scheme’s supposed to run over the course of four years 2016 – 2020, the aim solely directed towards benefitting 10 million youths.

Key Components of the PMKVY

Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is divided into particular stages that are summarized below:

  1. Short Term Training

This form of training that’s implemented by the PMKVY is supposed to serve as an advantage for the citizens of India who’re categorized into unemployed or college/school dropouts. According to the NSQF, training centres are obliged to endeavor soft skill training, digital literacy and entrepreneurship. The duration differs dependably on the job roles, this usally ranges between several hours. Candidates will be provided with placement aids especially those who remain intact with the familiar norms. This component is required to be NSQF level 5 or lower.

2. Recognition of Prior Learning.

People who possess a former learning experience are assessed under the RPL (Recognition of Prior Learning) scheme segment. RPL is known for directing its aim towards aligning the potency of the country’s unregulated workforce to NSQF. Recognition of Prior Learning is further divided into three project types: RPL Camps, RPL Centres and RPL employer premises.

3. Special Projects. 

The unique projects aspect of the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana governs the formulation of a platform that’ll allocate training in specialized government areas and premises, this is implemented for corporate as well as industrial bodies. This segment assures topnotch training that’s provided in unfamiliar job roles that are not accessible under theNational Occupational Standards (NOSs) & numerous Qualification Packs (QPs). Special Projects are projects that stray from the terms and conditions of Short Term Training under PMKVY for any member. Central government institutions or any other similar stature organization are eligible for proposing stakeholders who demand to offer high-quality training to several applicants.

4. Kaushal and Rozgar Mela

If the scheme desires to be successful and implemented genuinely throughout the nation, community along with social mobilization is extremely crucial. Active participation of the community ensures transparency and accountability and helps in changing the collective knowledge of the community for better functioning. In line with this, PMKVY gives special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a specific process. Rozgar and Kaushal melas are conducted by training partners every 6 months which is widely promoted through media coverage and the Indian press; an active participation in on-ground functions and National Career Service Melas is mandatory as well.

5. Placement Guidelines.

The scheme focuses on linking the aptitude, knowledge and aspiration of the specialized workforce that it molds through offering a multitude of stable job opportunities and by generating demands in the market. Therefore, PMKVY along with training centers are obliged to prioritize developing a platform of opportunities for their candidates and assist them with entrepreneurship development.

6. Monitoring Guidelines 

To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by the TCs, NSDC and Inspection Agencies shall use various methods to keep a check on their progress. They’ll utilize methods that incorporate self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits and monitoring through the Skills Development Management System (SDMS). The following tactics are enhanced through facilitating latest technologies; this scheme is allocated through the NSDC (National Skill Development Corporation).

Primary Objectives and highlights

Summarized below are the objectives that are highly prioritized by the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana scheme.

  • Equip the Indian workforce with employable skills and knowledge so they can contribute to the economic growth of the country.
  • Raising the incomes of BPL, SC/ST and various other poor communities.
  • By covering up the maximum expenditure, the government of India assures everyone’s eligibility for accessing the Yojana’s prevailing benefits.
  • Central focus is steered towards reducing the amount of unemployment and simultaneously boosting the numbers of skilled workforce ranging between the ages of 17-35.
  • Lower poverty rates by sustaining a stable flow of income and ensuring every household has atleast one working member with a stable income.

Registration and Application form.

If you are interested in learning or improving your skill and are eligible for the Yojana, you should initiate the registration and application on your own since it’s very simple. Locating a training center that specializes in your desired skill is the primary step, this can be searched by sector, location or training partners. On accessing the training center website, individuals are expected to fill certain required details and then only will they be provided with a convenient list of TCs along with their contact information.

Directly get in touch with the training center you feel will assist in mastering your skill and submit your enrolled details to their database. You’ll be assessed only when you’ve finished off the training course and on passing, a skill card along with a government certification will be offered. A valid Aadhaar card is essential for receiving the mentioned documents and you’ll further be applicable for the Monetary Award. The Monetary Award enables individuals to earn a particular stipend depending on their skill and NSFQ.

Mentoring support

A mentorship program is formulated for providing trainees who’ve finished the training course with motivation and support while they’re in search for stable job vacancies. Training providers are solely accountable for identifying the perfect mentors that’ll motivate and support them with the post-training phase, this mentorship program facilitates the tracking of trainees in the post-training phase as well.

The total number of training centers available till date

The Lok Sabha had stated that 13000 training centers have been formulated across the country on an average, they are consistently investing training within 376 trades. These training centers were incorporated under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana 2015-2016 scheme. On the other hand, the scheme’s dashboard displays 331 job vacancies widespread across thirty-six sectors while a total of 8464 training centers are accessible. NSDC’s annual report for the year 2017-2018 highlights training centers exceeding 11000 in total.

Implementation of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra Policy

NSDC employs the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra policy in order to develop modern skill centers in each district of the country while assuring implementation of every parliamentary constituency. According to various sources, instead of implementing the scheme in all 676 districts, PMKK has been allotted to just 493 districts.

Essential Key Points

During the scheme’s first anniversary, the Union Cabinet authorized an enormous amount to be invested for providing thousands of people with the particular skills training for the following 4 years.About 18 lakh applicants had enrolled and a surplus of 17.93 lakh candidates were provided with training in 2016. Furthermore, about 2 lakh minorities who were trained under the Kaushal Vikas Yojana. 

NSDC has guaranteed to develop 50 international centers that prioritize skill training within the country. These centres will offer trainings to a multitude of segments including security, healthcare workers and tourism.

Overall, the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Yojana is a Scheme that can help India economically while also aiding those who want to study further but don’t have the materials or money to do so. It has helped and continues to help various people across the country, by giving them the required qualifications for their ‘dream job.’ 

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