The National Education Policy- details and changes to be made

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Shreya Durve
A doctor in the dust

A country is defined by the kind of education policies it has adopted and how it has developed them according to the evolving needs of students. Good education policy is one which encompasses the differing needs of each and every student.

India, unfortunately doesn’t have very high literacy rates, the ideal being a 100%. This makes it very difficult for a country to become a developed one. Coming from a family where education is valued, I strongly believe that there is a lot to education than just school books and tests. It is a way of life, a way of expressing yourself.

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Learning isn’t about being intelligent- it is about the amount of hard work you are ready to put to make yourself something. While we all wish that we could just drop out of college and because of a billionaire by starting a social networking site (Mark Zuckerberg 2.0), education isn’t just about earning money. It is about how much you know about the world and yourself. It says a lot about the hard work you have put in to be who you are today.

A good policy for education helps speed up the countries development in all aspect. Keeping this in mind, and improve the literacy rates, the government had started a policy called the National Education Policy (NEP) aimed at providing a quality education for every child.

This article will highlight the details on the National education policy, the scheme coming under it, and how it has benefitted the country.

What is the National Education Policy (NEP)?

The National Education Policy (NEP) is an education policy started by the Government of India aimed at providing proper schooling to all the citizens of India. This includes the children of both rural and urban areas.

Many school boards like CBSE were based on this policy. It was first started in 1968 and then the second policy was introduced in 1986. The new policy was drafted in 2017 after appointing a new committee for the deed.

Kasturirangan was appointed the new head for the policy along with nine other members.

What’s new in the NEP?

The committee has been appointed from all ages and parts of India in order to get an input from all the generations. A more modern approach has been taken up and it is changing continuously.

Inputs have been taken from thousands of teachers, scholars, educators, etc in order to strengthen their approach and make the plan more fool proof. This new method has made sure that the new policy is going to be more empathetic to students from all walks of life.

The draft recommendations

For the schools

  • Improvement in early education and care

It has been noticed, that even to this day, there are multiple deficiencies in childhood learning. the aspects to be targeted under this sector are:

  1. The curriculum should match the developmental status of each child
  2. Teacher training
  3. Pedagogy
  4. The right to education

This makes education for all children below the age of 14 compulsory and free. It also provides free coverage to children up to the age of 18 years.

  • The curriculum changes

These will be focused on diverting the attention of rote and fact learning to a more conceptual based learning.

  • Changes in school exam patterns

Restructuring the exams and provided state consensus exams to reduce the pressure on young children, and concentrate only on necessary information.

  • Improving the school infrastructure

The infrastructure of present schools is to be developed to include more advanced facilities and new school development has been proposed. For the smaller schools, it has been proposed that multiple small schools be clubbed into one to create a bigger complex.

  • Changes in management

There has been a lack of good educators in our country and a lack of professional teachers. Hence to address this need, the policy is going to hire new management and teachers, with new rules. They will be told to solely concentrate on their job as a teacher and not engage in any non-teaching duties.

Besides new rules for training are proposed to be set up with a minimum of 50 hours of training continuously provided each year.

Higher education

  • Improvement of the GER

GER is the Gross Enrolment rate in higher education. This has been substantially low for a long time and this policy aims at changing that.

  • Improving the regulatory structure and accreditation

It was noticed that higher education had overlapping regulations. For this a single body would be set up to set the regulations and the current existing bodies like the Bar council of india would only function to set standards for professional practice.

  • Establishing new institutions
  • Restructuring of education instructions
  • Teaching colleges will be focussed only on teaching
  • Research institutes will focus equally on teaching and research
  • Colleges will only teach undergraduate studies
  • Improving research opportunities

A national research foundation will be set up to improve funding, opportunities and inclination to research.

  • Making the curriculum more liberal  

A student will have to choose a minor and major specialisation at the college level- following the western pattern

  • Improving the life of teachers and professors

This is to be done by reducing their workload, providing better opportunities and promotions and providing autonomy to the institutions.

  • Improving the learning environment

By doing so the results of the students are shown to display great improvement.

Besides these many other changes have been drafted which include changes to the education governance, improving standards of vocational educations, bringing in technology in teaching methods and so on.

The national curriculum framework of 2005 (NCF)

The national curriculum framework is one of the 3 curriculums set by the National Council of Education and Research Facilities (NCERT).

The textbooks and syllabus structured by this curriculum are the basis of education in all the CBSE schools and some state schools.

The objection of NCF 2005

  1. Shift emphasis from rote learning.
  2. Connecting what we learn in school today to day activities.
  3. Making examinations and classroom learning more integrated and flexible.
  4. Enrichment of curriculum beyond textbooks.

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